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COLD RELIEF LOZENGES: Zincum Gluconicum 2X
Zinc is considered an antiviral, as some data has shown zinc to inhibit rhinovirus & other respiratory viruses while they attempt to rapidly multiply in the cell. It has been suggested that zinc is also an oral astringent, lining the oral cavity to prevent the rhinovirus from attaching to exposed tissue.
The zinc used in Cold FAid® (Zincum Gluconicum 2X) has been shown in many studies to lessen the duration of a cold. Results have varied, but it is reasonable to have your 7-10 day, cold last 4-5 days instead. Zinc is useful in combating a cold only in its positively-charged ionized form, as provided in this kit.
The Recommended Daily Allowance (National Institute of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements) of zinc is 8 mg for women & 11 mg for men, with the maximum recommended daily dose of 40 mg. Clinical studies advise 75 -100 mg of zinc per day for cold relief, which exceed the RDA maximum. Our recommendation suggests 6 zinc lozenges per day for adults ages 18 & over, providing 79.8 mg of zinc for each of the first 3 days (72 hours) of a cold. (Cold FAid® is for ages 18+ years old. If zincum gluconicum 2X is used by ages 12 -17, 4 lozenges per day is recommended by the manufacturer.)
Metallic taste & nausea are the most common side effects. Power through those as the benefits of a shortened & milder cold are worth it!
Do not continue to take the zinc lozenges for extended periods unless recommended by your medical provider. Zinc can impair copper absorption as well as your immune system if taken in large doses for long periods of time.
Ask a doctor before use if you are pregnant or breast-feeding; have diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, or multiple sclerosis (MS). It is best not to take zinc if you are taking certain medications such as: some antibiotics (quinolones and tetracyclines), penicillamine (used for treating rheumatoid arthritis), coumadin ('blood thinner'/anticoagulant), and some diuretics (used for hypertension - such as amiloride). Consult your medical provider before taking zinc when you are on these medications.
ANTIHISTAMINE: Chlorpheniramine Maleate 4 mg
Only "first-generation" or "older" antihistamines are effective in treating a cold for the first 1-2 days (up to 48 hours) of a cold. Of the first-generation antihistamines, Chlorpheniramine Maleate, used in Cold FAid®, is the least sedating.
Antihistamines block the histamine receptors which are throughout your body in blood vessels, muscles (including your heart and lung breathing tubes) & nervous system (including your brain). For the purposes of a cold, antihistamines decrease leaky, wide nasal blood vessels, calm the stimulated sneeze reflex, reduce mucous production in the nose/lungs, & ease tightening in the chest caused by histamine.
NASAL DECONGESTANT PE: Phenylephrine HCl 10 mg
Nasal decongestants target certain nerve receptors in your blood vessels. The result in your nose is blood vessel narrowing to decrease local swelling & shrink the inflamed tissue. This allows more airflow & reduces mucous thus improving nasal/sinus congestion & sinus pressure during a cold.
PAIN RELIEVER (NSAID*): Naproxen Sodium 220 mg
The Pain Reliever counteracts inflammation by shutting down an inflammatory chemical called prostaglandin. This chemical is produced by injured cells. It primarily acts on nearby tissues causing swelling & pain. It is responsible for a fever as well. Anti-inflammatories block prostaglandin production, thereby reducing body aches, headaches & fever.
(*NonSteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug)