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What is the common cold?

The common cold is a viral infection, primarily affecting the upper respiratory system. Although associated with over 200 viruses, a cold is most frequently caused by Rhinoviruses.

What are the symptoms of the common cold?

Symptoms occur as early as 10 hours after viral inoculation. The first 48-72 hours are usually the most intense cold effects. Then, symptoms tend to improve. Depending on severity, they usually last 7 (possibly 10 days) with:

Day 1: You start with a tickle in your throat, stuffy nose turning to runny nose, sneezing, watery eyes
Days 2-3: You feel the worst: muscle aches, tiredness, possible fever
Days 4-6: You are fighting nasal congestion, thick yellow nasal discharge, mild cough, rarely headaches
Days 7-10: You have the “upper hand” and are feeling better

Early treatment with Zinc (such as zinc gluconicum 2X used in Cold FAid™) has been shown in many clinical studies to shorten a cold. Results vary, but it is reasonable for your 7-10 day cold to last only 4-5 days, with milder symptoms. Keep track of your symptoms with the Symptom Tracker on the Cold FAid ™ App.

What helps with dry, nighttime cough relief?

If a dry cough continues to interrupt your sleep, call your medical provider or consult with a pharmacist. The GPS on the Cold FAid™ app will locate a nearby Pharmacy. Cough control may be achieved with Guaifenesin 600 mg 12 Hour Extended-Release, a cough expectorant used to thin and reduce mucous during a cold. Taken every 12 hours, it relieves post-nasal drip to minimize interruptions in your sleep from coughing. (20,21) If you buy this, an extended-release cough expectorant, app Notifications can be activated to remind you to take it. Once your dry, nighttime cough clears, stop taking this. Deactivate app Notifications in Menu>Settings>Change Notifications.

A popular alternative, combination drug is Guaifenesin 1200 mg / Dextromethorphan HBr 60 mg 12 hour Extended-Release tablets. Dextromethorphan inhibits the cough reflex in the brain and has a sedative effect. Due to recreational abuse and conflicting study results for use with an acute cough, it is not recommended here. (24-27)

You may try 2 teaspoons of honey taken before bedtime. Some studies suggest honey relieves irritation in the upper airways, increases salvation to hydrate the airway, and calms cough sensory nerves in the throat. (22,23)

A persistent cough that continues through the daytime hours for a week needs medical attention. Go to your personal medical provider or use the GPS on the Cold FAid™ app to locate a nearby student health or urgent care center.

What if I continue to have unimproved nasal congestion and sinus pressure after 48 hours use of the Nasal Decongestant in Cold FAid™?

If you find that the Phenylephrine HCl (the Decongestant used in Cold FAid™) is not providing adequate relief for your nasal/ sinus congestion after 48 hours of use, call your medical provider or consult with a pharmacist for an alternate decongestant. The GPS on the Cold FAid™ app will locate a nearby Pharmacy. Pseudoephedrine HCl is a behind-the-counter REGULATED decongestant. It boasts greater absorption than Phenylephrine HCl and may be more effective. Pseudoephedrine HCl 120 mg Extended Release allows for 12-hour, long-acting effects.

You will need to show the pharmacist valid personal identification. Any recent purchase of this product would be reviewed online by the pharmacist through a national database called MethCheck. (This medication has been used to make crystal methamphetamines.)

If you buy the Pseudoephedrine HCl 120 mg Extended Release medication, app Notifications can be activated to remind you to take this REGULATED decongestant. Once you activate the Notifications for the REGULATED decongestant (Pseudoephedrine HCl 120 mg Extended Release), the Notifications for the Decongestant (Phenylephrine HCl) used in Cold FAid™ will automatically deactivate. Do not take Pseudoephedrine HCl Extended Release if you are still taking Phenylephrine HCl. Pseudoephedrine HCl Extended Release is taken at Breakfast and every 12 hours starting the third day of a cold and, if needed, up to 7 days since cold onset. Take with a full glass of water. Swallow the tablet whole. Do not chew or crush this extended release tablet. If, after the third day of a cold, your nasal congestion and sinus pressure clear, stop taking this. Deactivate app Notifications in the Menu>Settings>Change Notifications.

Do I need an antibiotic when I have the common cold?

No. Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections, not viral infections (such as the common cold). However, if you develop complications, such as a bacterial infection while having a common cold, antibiotics are appropriate. Consult a medical provider if you show warning signs as described in the Warning Sign Tracker on the Cold FAid™ app or here on the website in 'When to Seek Medical Care'. Use the app's GPS to locate a nearby student health /urgent care center.

How do you know if you have the common cold vs the flu?

Both the common cold and the flu are highly contagious viral infections. In general, flu symptoms are worse, presenting faster than a cold. Flu symptoms also include fever/chills, sore throat, cough, body aches, fatigue but to more of an extreme. Headache and dry deep cough are common. In general, the flu is more likely to cause complications such as sinusitis, pneumonia, ear infections and other more severe, life-threatening conditions.

Cold FAid™ is intended for use with a cold, not the flu. However, it may be difficult to know the difference with symptoms. If you suspect you have the flu, please see your medical provider. Use the app's GPS to locate a nearby student health/urgent care center, if needed.

It is VERY important to get an annual flu (a.k.a. influenza) vaccination to decrease the chance of getting the flu or spreading it. To further the cause to fight the flu, Cold FAid™ is partnering with Families Fighting Flu, a national, non-profit, advocacy organization. It is dedicated to protecting the lives of children, families and communities by increasing awareness about the dangers of influenza and the critical importance of annual flu vaccination for everyone age of 6 months and older. To learn more, visit www.familiesfightingflu.org.

Is Cold FAid™ in the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) National Drug Code (NDC) Directory?

Yes. The Cold FAid™ kit is NDC 72996-001-01 and -02. Find the listing at www.fda.gov/drugs/drug-approvals-and-databases/national-drug-code-directory . This does not denote FDA approval but is an electronic listing requirement. It is updated annually and with any periodic changes of the kit's over-the -counter drug components.

Are any of the over-the-counter medications in the Cold FAid™ kit banned by the NCAA for use by college athletes?

The NCAA website advises athletes to check with an appropriate athletic staff member before using any substance. However, it specifies within the listing of drugs classified as stimulants (such as decongestants) that phenylephrine and pseudoephedrine are not banned. The zinc lozenges, antihistamine chlorpheniramine maleate, anti-inflammatory naproxen sodium, and cough expectorant guaifenesin are not on the list of banned medications. Go to the NCAA website for the most up-to-date listing and text "banned drugs" in the search box: www.ncaa.org

How do the medication notifications with the app work if I am traveling between time zones?

In this scenario, do not rely on the app for notifications. Use the Strategy to know WHAT to take WHEN. Follow the medication dose frequency, not the hour of the day as this will vary according to time zone. For example, the antihistamine is to be taken every 12 hours (dosing frequency is 12 hours). Consume another antihistamine tablet 12 hours from when you last took the medication. Take the time zone difference into consideration when calibrating hours since your last dose.